Knee Pain: How To Diagnose, Prevent And Treat

Sooner or later, it is very likely that you will experience pain in your knees. It is a disease that affects millions of people, regardless of age. Usually, pain is more frequent in people who practice some physical exercise due to using the knees incorrectly or exaggeratedly. The discomfort can also manifest as a sign of some disease that, in most cases, you can’t even imagine that it, can have pain in that part of the body as a symptom. Keep reading our post to learn more about knee pain, why it happens, how to prevent it, and how to treat it.

The Largest Joint In The Human Body

To understand the origin of some knee pain, you must first know its structure. The human body has several joints, and the knee is one of them; it is considered the largest. The primary function is to sustain overload and promote stability.

It is made up of three bones which are:

  • The femur (thigh)
  • Patella (kneecap – considered a large accessory bone)
  • Tibia (leg)

It also has cartilage, tendons, muscles, and bursae (bags filled with fluid), and this structural set allows for functional flexion, extension, and rotation movements. There are also the menisci, which are fibrocartilaginous structures inside the knee and located on the tibia, helping to distribute the weight and lubricate it. Menisci can be likened to a shock absorber and help balance the impact of rotational movements commonly used in sports. The ligaments join the femur and tibia and are formed by collagen tissue. Everything works like an orchestra, and when any bone, or other parts of that organization, has problems, then knee pain arises.

Prevention Is The Best Medicine

To escape this annoyance, the solution is to prevent to avoid imbalances. Taking care of food, resting, and moderate physical activities, and using appropriate accessories, are fundamental for the proper functioning of the body. As for the practice of sports, you need to know how to choose shoes and accessories that help you perform your exercises better without harming or straining your knees. Stretching and strengthening are also essential. But the ideal is that they are done with the supervision of professionals in Physical Education or Physiotherapy in KDMS Hospital for example so that the results are more effective.